Multifamily Mortgage Loan

Multifamily mortgage loans are used to finance residential homes with two or more units and apartment complexes. They often have lower interest rates than similar properties in other commercial real estate sectors.

Freddie Mac offers a range of multifamily loan programs designed to 아파트담보대출 meet different investor needs. These include the Small Balance Loan program, which offers competitive interest rates and flexible terms for smaller properties.


Mortgage lenders scrutinize borrowers of multifamily loans more closely than they do for single-family home loans. They want to be sure you can handle the financial demands of owning a multifamily property, which is more complex than investing in a single family home. They’ll check your credit to determine whether you have the cash available to cover the down payment, as well as your debt-to-income ratio to ensure that you can afford both the mortgage payments and other monthly expenses including property taxes, homeowner’s insurance and rental income.

Most lenders offer multifamily financing through existing loan programs, such as conventional Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans or government-backed FHA and VA loans. They may also provide more specialized loans, like bridge financing packages, to meet specific investor goals and needs.

Some mortgage programs set loan limits that cap the maximum amount you can borrow for a multifamily property. You can use a loan limit calculator to determine the maximum loan amount you can qualify for in your area.

If you plan to occupy one of the multifamily units, you can qualify for an owner occupied mortgage with more flexible qualification requirements and lower mortgage rates than you’d get with a non-owner occupied investment loan. However, you’ll have to make a down payment of at least 20%. You’ll also need to establish that you have sufficient reserves to cover the costs of property maintenance and vacancy.

Shopping Rates

Multifamily mortgage loan options vary based on your goals and qualifications. If you are looking to buy a home with several units so that you can live in one and rent out the other units, FHA multifamily loans are available. These work much like single-family mortgages and are based on credit score, income and existing debt as well as an appraisal. They do allow current and projected rental income to be used in qualifying.

If you are an investor looking to purchase an apartment building or other commercial property, you’ll want to look at the Freddie Mac multifamily mortgage program which offers a wide range of financing solutions including fixed and floating rate options. This non-recourse loan product is designed to finance a variety of different apartment property types including affordable housing, student housing and senior independent living. It also allows high loan-to-values and a variety of flexible loan structure options.

Conventional multifamily mortgages are also available and are based on the type of property you’re purchasing as well as your location, asset class, leverage and DSCR. These loan products include Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, CMBS, HUD, bank loans and life company loans.

You might also consider a hard money loan which is offered by private investment firms to finance properties that are considered “unbankable” due to the borrower’s credit, property issues or other reasons. This type of loan works on a higher interest basis and requires more upfront capital from the borrower.

Interviewing Lenders

When looking to purchase a new property, most buyers do plenty of research. From neighborhood safety to school systems, homebuyers research a variety of factors before making their final decision. However, many investors overlook the importance of interviewing potential mortgage lenders. The right lender can help you finance one of the most significant investments you’ll likely make in your lifetime.

The process of selecting a mortgage lender involves a pre-qualification and a credit report review. The lender will look at your credit score, debt-to-income ratio and accumulated assets when considering your loan application. A well-prepared borrower can walk into the first meeting with a list of questions to ask potential lenders. This will help ensure you get all the information you need before making a decision.

In addition to examining a prospective lender’s requirements, you should also look at the loan programs they offer. Typically, commercial real estate (CRE) lenders provide several types of financing for multifamily properties. These include conventional loans, FHA loans and CMBS loans.

Additionally, some lenders specialize in offering bridge loans and mezzanine financing. These short-term loans can play an important role in your apartment investment strategy, especially when you’re waiting on other forms of financing to close. Bridge loans are usually more expensive than other forms of financing, but they can offer shorter funding timelines.

Applying for a Loan

There are a number of different types of financing for multifamily properties and developments. The most common are conventional mortgage loans and mezzanine financing. These two types of financing provide capital for multifamily property acquisitions or development at varying loan-to-value and/or loan-to-cost ratios.

Conventional mortgages are usually offered by local banks, credit unions and other commercial lenders. These loans are typically securitized by national mortgage associations like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

Other options include government-backed mortgage programs such as the FHA and Home Possible programs. These are designed to help borrowers with lower incomes and/or financial resources buy homes. These programs often offer more flexible qualification requirements than conventional mortgages.

Many borrowers use rental income from a multifamily property to qualify for a mortgage. However, lenders may limit how much of a borrower’s monthly income can be used for debt payments including their mortgage payment, property taxes and homeowners insurance. As a result, it’s important to understand how to calculate the maximum debt-to-income ratio before applying for a multifamily mortgage.

Lastly, many mortgage programs require that borrowers maintain reserves at the time of closing. These reserves are meant to cover any unforeseen expenses related to the multifamily property such as a loss of rental income or unexpected repair costs. While these requirements aren’t always a deal-breaker, it’s important to be aware of them before buying a multifamily property.